UPSC CSE 2024 Syllabus | Prelims | Mains | Interview |

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Navigating the Extensive UPSC 2024 Syllabus

The UPSC 2024 syllabus is comprehensive, covering a wide range of subjects and areas, designed to assess the candidate’s knowledge, analytical skills, and understanding of various issues related to governance, society, economy, and international affairs. Aspiring civil servants must familiarize themselves with this syllabus to prepare effectively for the upcoming Civil Services Examination. Let’s break it down step by step.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024

Paper-I: General Studies (GS)

1. Current events of national and international importance

The world is constantly evolving, and aspirants must stay updated on current affairs at both national and international levels. This section assesses your awareness of ongoing events that shape our world.

2. History of India and the Indian National Movement

Understanding India’s historical context and its struggle for independence is fundamental to grasping the nation’s socio-political fabric.

3. Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, and Economic Geography of India and the World

Geography is about more than just maps. It’s about understanding the world’s physical and human aspects, as well as their economic implications.

4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

An in-depth understanding of the Indian Constitution and its functioning is crucial for effective governance and policy-making.

5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

This section delves into the economic and social challenges facing India and explores potential solutions.

6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.

As our planet faces environmental challenges, this section examines your knowledge of these critical issues.

7. General Science

Science touches every aspect of our lives, and this section tests your basic scientific knowledge.

Paper-II: Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)

1. Comprehension

Effective communication and understanding complex ideas are vital skills for a civil servant.

2. Interpersonal skills, including communication skills

Civil servants must interact with diverse groups, making interpersonal skills a necessity.

3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability

The ability to analyze situations and make informed decisions is a core competency.

4. Decision-making and problem-solving

Every day, civil servants face challenges that require quick, informed decisions.

5. General mental ability

This section evaluates your overall mental acumen.

6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level).

Numeracy and data interpretation are essential for processing and presenting information.

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2024


One of the Indian Languages (Qualifying)

Indian languages included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution (Candidates can choose any one)


English (Qualifying)

English language and comprehension skills



Candidates have to write two essays, one each from Section A and Section B.


General Studies I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography)

Indian art and culture, history of India and the world, geography of India and the world


General Studies II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations)

Indian Constitution, governance, and social justice issues, international relations


General Studies III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management)

Technology, economic development, biodiversity, environment, security, disaster management


General Studies IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)

Ethics, integrity, and aptitude

Paper-VI & VII

Optional Subject – Paper 1 & Paper 2

Candidates can choose one optional subject from the list provided by UPSC

The optional subjects for Paper-VI and Paper-VII include subjects like History, Geography, Public Administration, Sociology, Political Science and International Relations, Economics, etc. Candidates need to choose one optional subject from the list provided by the UPSC.

UPSC 2024 Interview

The UPSC interview is the final stage of the selection process and holds significant weight in determining a candidate’s final rank and service allocation. The interview aims to assess the candidate’s personality, communication skills, intellectual depth, analytical ability, and overall suitability for a career in civil services.

Unlike the Preliminary and Mains exams, the UPSC CSE interview does not have a specific syllabus in terms of defined topics or subjects. The interview panel can ask questions on a wide range of topics to gauge the candidate’s understanding, perspective, and general awareness.

The UPSC 2024 syllabus is a road map for aspirants seeking to join the civil services. While the journey may seem long and daunting, with dedication and the right resources, success is achievable. Remember, the UPSC exams not only assess your knowledge but also your ability to apply it in real-world situations.


  1. Is the UPSC syllabus the same every year? No, the syllabus can change from year to year, so it’s essential to stay updated with the latest guidelines.
  2. What is the best way to prepare for the UPSC exams? A combination of focused study, practice, and staying informed about current events is key.
  3. Can I choose any optional subject for the main exam? Yes, you can choose from a list of optional subjects provided by UPSC.
  4. What is the significance of the UPSC interview? The interview is a critical part of the selection process and assesses your suitability for civil services.
  5. How can I stay updated on current affairs for the Prelims exam? Reading newspapers, and magazines, and following reliable news sources is essential to stay informed.

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